Een korte geschiedenis van de Koude Oorlog (Een korte - download pdf or read online

By Roel Tanja

De Koude Oorlog was once de strijd tussen voornamelijk het Westen, onder aanvoering van de Verenigde Staten, en het Oostblok, onder leiding van de Sovjet-Unie. Boven de ideologische strijd hing als een zwaard van Damocles de atoombom - mocht het ooit tot een echt treffen tussen beide grootmachten komen, zou dat het einde van de wereld kunnen betekenen.

Die grote oorlog bleef uit, vandaar de time period 'Koude Oorlog', maar er vond wel een flink aantal veldslagen plaats: in Berlijn, China, Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, Hongarije en Tsjecho-Slowakije, om er
maar een paar te noemen. Ondertussen vond ook op grote schaal het dekolonisatieproces plaats: veel koloniën kozen voor zelfstandigheid, al dan niet met instemming van het moederland.

In 'Een korte geschiedenis van de Koude Oorlog' zet Roel Tanja nog eens op een rijtje welke feiten er tussen oktober 1944 (Churchills 'naughty document') en december 1991 (uiteenvallen van de Sovjet-Unie) plaatsvonden. In ruim honderd korte hoofdstukken worden alle gebeurtenissen opgesomd, zodat de lezer eens te meer een overzicht krijgt van hoe vaak de wereld langs de rand van de afgrond scheerde. Daarin komen grote namen voorbij: Roosevelt, Churchill, Gandhi, Truman, Stalin, Gagarin, Castro, Mao, Dubcek, Reagan en vele anderen.

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In the Shadow of the Shtetl: Small-Town Jewish Life in by Jeffrey Veidlinger PDF

By Jeffrey Veidlinger

The tale of the way the Holocaust decimated Jewish lifestyles within the shtetls of japanese Europe is celebrated. nonetheless, hundreds of thousands of Jews in those small cities survived the warfare and lower back in a while to rebuild their groups. The reminiscences of a few four hundred returnees in Ukraine give you the foundation for Jeffrey Veidlinger’s reappraisal of the normal narrative of 20th-century Jewish heritage. those aged Yiddish audio system relate their thoughts of Jewish lifestyles within the prewar shtetl, their tales of survival throughout the Holocaust, and their reports dwelling as Jews below Communism. regardless of Stalinist repressions, the Holocaust, and legitimate antisemitism, their person remembrances of kin existence, non secular observance, schooling, and paintings testify to the survival of Jewish existence within the shadow of the shtetl to this day.

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Download e-book for iPad: Russia's Last Gasp: The Eastern Front 1916–17 by Prit Buttar

By Prit Buttar

regardless of the more and more futile, bloody struggles for territory that had characterized the jap entrance the former yr, the German and Austro-Hungarian instructions held excessive hopes for 1916. After the luck of the 1915 Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive, which had pushed Russia out of Galicia and Poland, Germany used to be loose to resume its efforts within the west. Austria-Hungary, in the meantime, became its cognizance to defeating Italy.
In an try and relieve strain on their British and French allies on the Somme and Verdun, Russia introduced one of many bloodiest campaigns within the historical past of struggle. common Brusilov's June develop used to be speedy characterized by way of cutting edge strategies, together with using surprise troops – a tactic that German armies might later adapt to nice impression. The momentum endured with Romania's access into the battle and the statement by way of the primary Powers of a country of Poland – occasions which might extensively rework the borders of post-war Europe.Drawing on first-hand debts and archival examine, the world over popular historian Prit Buttar offers a dramatic account of an explosive yr at the jap entrance, one who gave Russia its maximum good fortune at the battlefield yet plunged the country into revolution at home.

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Download e-book for iPad: Jewish Women in Fin de Si?cle Vienna (Jewish Life, History, by Alison Rose

By Alison Rose

Despite a lot learn of Viennese tradition and Judaism among 1890 and 1914, little examine has been performed to envision the function of Jewish ladies during this milieu. Rescuing a misplaced legacy, Jewish ladies in Fin de Siècle Vienna explores the myriad ways that Jewish ladies contributed to the improvement of Viennese tradition and took part extensively in politics and cultural spheres.

Areas of exploration contain the schooling and relatives lives of Viennese Jewish ladies and ranging levels of involvement of Jewish girls in philanthropy and prayer, collage existence, Zionism, psychoanalysis and medication, literature, and tradition. Incorporating basic experiences of Austrian girls in this interval, Alison Rose additionally offers major findings concerning stereotypes of Jewish gender and sexuality and the politics of anti-Semitism, in addition to the effect of German tradition, feminist dialogues, and bourgeois self-images.

As participants of 2 minority teams, Viennese Jewish girls still used their involvement in quite a few routine to come back to phrases with their twin identification in this interval of profound social turmoil. Breaking new flooring within the learn of perceptions and realities inside a pivotal section of the Viennese inhabitants, Jewish ladies in Fin de Siècle Vienna applies the lens of gender in very important new ways.

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Het einde van de rode mens (Dutch Edition) - download pdf or read online

By Svetlana Alexijevitsj

Een hartverscheurend epos over leven en lot na de Sovjet-Unie. Meer dan twintig jaar geleden viel de Sovjet-Unie uit elkaar, ontdekten de Russen de wereld, en ontdekte de wereld de Russen. Even leek een romance in de maak, maar de liefde was once snel voorbij. Terwijl males in het Westen nog steeds Gorbatsjov idealiseert en in het Oosten Poetin het begrip 'democratie' wel erg ruim interpreteert, grijpen vele voormalige Sovjetburgers, ook jongeren, vol nostalgie terug naar de socialistische staatsmannen van weleer. Onderzoeksjournaliste Svetlana Alexijevitsj laat honderden getuigen aan het woord over hun leven tijdens en na de Sovjet-Unie: goede mensen en minder goede mensen; schuldigen en slachtoffers; aanhangers van de perestrojka en hardleerse stalinisten. Met een opmerkelijke openheid vertellen zij hoe de omwenteling van 1991 hun levensloop beïnvloedde, hoe hun wereldbeeld veranderde, hoe ze op zoek moesten naar een nieuwe identiteit. Het einde van de Rode mens ontbloot de ziel van een getraumatiseerd, verdeeld volk. Ook zij zijn Europa.

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Read e-book online Clausewitz's Timeless Trinity: A Framework For Modern War PDF

By Colin M. Fleming

this can be the 1st ebook to use the Clausewitzian Trinity of 'passion, probability, and cause' to the adventure of genuine battle. It explores the intensity and validity of the concept that opposed to the conflicts of former Yugoslavia - wars idea to epitomise a post-Clausewitzian age. In doing so it demonstrates the undying message of the Trinity, but in addition ties the Trinitarian notion again into Clausewitz's political argument. meant to construct at the present corpus of scholarship, this booklet differs from the present literature in methods. by means of utilising the Trinity to the wars of former Yugoslavia 1991-1995, it explores struggle at its micro-foundations, assessing the advanced cause-and-effect nexus of reciprocity produced through activities among belligerents embroiled in dynamic festival perpetuated by means of their very own interplay. delivering useful insights into the complexities of actual conflict fuelled via ardour, undermined unintentionally, and formed by way of cause, it's the first research to bridge the Clausewitzian international of concept with actual adventure. studying each one a part of the triad individually, the e-book explores the a number of manifestations of hostility and probability, sooner than then assessing the impact of those components at the regulations of the belligerents because the battle evolved.

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Download e-book for kindle: Market Dreams: Gender, Class, and Capitalism in the Czech by Elaine Susan Weiner

By Elaine Susan Weiner

Drawing on a wealthy trove of concentration team facts, interviews, and textual resources, Elaine Weiner's Market Dreams powerfully captures the various responses of girl managers and manufacturing facility staff within the Czech Republic to their country's transition from socialism to capitalism. Her paintings, rooted in sociology and comparative feminism, is a crucial increase for the literature on girls in japanese Europe.

"Market Dreams is a conceptually-sophisticated and empirically-rich account of the way the discourses and practices of the loose marketplace penetrated the hearts and minds of daily Czech voters. Weiner's provocative research takes readers contained in the worlds of girl manufacturing unit staff to show the discontinuities among their radiant marketplace desires and their daily realities--and juxtaposes them to the continuities skilled by means of lady managers. within the method, it demanding situations lots of our principles approximately post/socialism, marketization, and gender and divulges the iconic strength of reports in shaping social identities and actions."

---Lynne Haney, affiliate Professor of Sociology, manhattan University

"Through interviews and a cautious research of newspaper articles written within the first decade after the cave in of nation socialism, Weiner explores the complex interconnections among own tales and the rising neoliberal metanarrative of the unfastened industry within the Czech Republic after 1989. Her ebook transcends a number of the dichotomies with which researchers of post-state socialism were suffering: 'East' vs. 'West,' losers and winners, emancipation vs. oppression, etc., and hence makes a very novel contribution to our realizing of women's lives after nation socialism."

---É va Fodor, Assistant Professor of Gender experiences, relevant eu University

"Weiner's wealthy and leading edge learn of girl Czech managers and staff exemplifies the significance of narrative research for realizing why gender and sophistication haven't (yet) reconfigured the feel of postcommunism's choices. this can be severe interpreting for feminists, category analysts, and scholars of postcommunist social change."

---Michael Kennedy, Director, middle for eu reports, college of Michigan

Elaine Weiner is Assistant Professor of Sociology at McGill collage. stopover at the author's web site at: www.mcgill.ca/sociology/faculty/weiner/.

Cover Credit: Frank Scherschel/Time & lifestyles Pictures/Getty Images

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Download e-book for iPad: New World Disorder: The Leninist Extinction by Ken Jowitt

By Ken Jowitt

Communism, or as Ken Jowitt prefers, Leninism, has attracted, repelled, mystified, and terrified thousands for almost a century. In his significant, well timed, and arguable learn, New international Disorder, Jowitt identifies and translates the intense personality of Leninist regimes, their political corruption, extinction, and hugely unsettling legacy.

Earlier makes an attempt to know the essence of Leninism have taken care of the Soviet adventure as both a version of or alien to Western heritage, an strategy that robs Leninism of a lot of its interesting novelty. Jowitt as an alternative takes a "polytheist" procedure, Weberian in tenor and phrases, evaluating the Leninist to the liberal event within the West, instead of assimilating it or alienating it.

Approaching the Leninist phenomenon in those phrases and spirit emphasizes how strong the imperatives set by means of the West for the remainder of the area are as assets of emulation, assimilation, rejection, and version; how unyielding premodern different types of id, association, and motion are; how novel, robust, and unsafe air of secrecy as a style of geared up indentity and motion can be.

The development from essay to essay is lucid and coherent. the 1st six essays reject the basic assumptions approximately social switch that tell the paintings of modernization theorists. Written among 1974 and 1990, they're, we all know now, startingly prescient. The final 3 essays, written in early 1991, are the main debatable: they are going to be known as alarmist, pessimistic, apocalyptic. They problem the complacent, positive, and self-serving trust that the realm is being decisively formed within the snapshot of the West—that the top of background is at hand.

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Download e-book for iPad: Warfare, State and Society on the Black Sea Steppe, by Brian Davies

By Brian Davies

This an important interval in Russia's heritage has, up before, been missed via historians, yet here Brian L. Davies' examine presents an important perception into the emergence of Russia as a good power.


For approximately 3 centuries, Russia vied with the Crimean Khanate, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire for mastery of the Ukraine and the fertile steppes above the Black Sea, a zone of serious strategic and monetary importance – arguably the pivot of Eurasia on the time.


The lengthy crusade took a good toll upon Russia's inhabitants, economic climate and associations, and time and again annoyed or redefined Russian army and diplomatic tasks within the West.


The fight used to be each piece as vital as Russia's wars in northern and primary Europe for using the Russian state-building approach, forcing army reform and shaping Russia's visions of Empire.

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Download e-book for iPad: Arctic Mirrors: Russia and the Small Peoples of the North by Yuri Slezkine

By Yuri Slezkine

For over years the Russians puzzled what sort of humans their Arctic and sub-Arctic matters have been. "They have mouths among their shoulders and eyes of their chests," suggested a fifteenth-century story. "They rove round, stay in their personal loose will, and beat the Russian people," complained a seventeenth-century Cossack. "Their activities are quite impolite. they don't take off their hats and don't bow to every other," huffed an eighteenth-century pupil. they're "children of nature" and "guardians of ecological balance," rhapsodized early nineteenth-century and past due twentieth-century romantics. Even the Bolsheviks, who categorised the circumpolar foragers as "authentic proletarians," have been again and again questioned by means of the "peoples from the overdue Neolithic interval who, by means of advantage in their severe backwardness, can't sustain both economically or culturally with the livid velocity of the rising socialist society."

Whether defined as brutes, extraterrestrial beings, or endangered indigenous populations, the so-called small peoples of the north have regularly remained some degree of distinction for speculations on Russian identification and a handy trying out floor for rules and photographs that grew out of those speculations. In Arctic Mirrors, a vividly rendered historical past of circumpolar peoples within the Russian empire and the Russian brain, Yuri Slezkine bargains the 1st in-depth interpretation of this courting. No different ebook in any language hyperlinks the historical past of a colonized non-Russian humans to the total sweep of Russian highbrow and cultural historical past. improving his account with classic prints and pictures, Slezkine reenacts the procession of Russian fur investors, missionaries, tsarist bureaucrats, radical intellectuals, expert ethnographers, and commissars who struggled to reform and conceptualize this such a lot "alien" in their topic populations.

Slezkine reconstructs from an enormous diversity of assets the successive legitimate regulations and winning attitudes towards the northern peoples, interweaving the resonant narratives of Russian and indigenous contemporaries with the extravagant photographs of renowned Russian fiction. As he examines the various ironies and ambivalences excited about successive Russian makes an attempt to beat northern—and for that reason their own—otherness, Slezkine explores the broader problems with ethnic identification, cultural swap, nationalist rhetoric, and not-so ecu colonialism.

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