Das Alignmentsystem im Türkischen. Subjekt- und - download pdf or read online

By Cilen Laura Dincer

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Sprachwissenschaft / Sprachforschung (fachübergreifend), be aware: 2,7, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Veranstaltung: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Vorliegende Hausarbeit umfasst eine kurze Einführung in die Alignmenttypen des Türkischen sowie eine examine über das Verhalten des Alignments in türkischen Satzkonstruktionen (beispielsweise in Relativsätzen, transitiven Sätzen oder Passivkonstruktionen).

Bisher gibt es nur wenige Forschungen über das Alignmentsystem des Türkischen, da es scheint, als handele es sich bei dieser Sprache um ein gängiges Akkusativ-Alignment. Ist dies wirklich der Fall oder gibt es Abweichungen in weitere Alignmenttypen (Splits) sowie Besonderheiten im Alignmentsystem des Türkischen?

Um eine Antwort auf diese Fragen zu finden, werde ich zunächst eine Einführung über die drei Subjektalignmentsysteme (akkusativ, ergativ und impartial) geben, da diese am häufigsten in den Sprachen der Welt vertreten sind und möglicherweise auf das Türkische zutreffen könnten.

In dem darauf folgenden Kapitel werde ich das Verhalten des
Subjektalignmentsystems des Türkischen in intransitiven und transitiven Konstruktionen untersuchen. Außerdem werde ich das Alignmentsystem in türkischen Relativsätzen analysieren, um zu sehen, ob ein Unterschied des Alignmentmusters zu gewöhnlichen transitiven und intransitiven Konstruktionen
entsteht.

Im nächsten Kapitel werde ich Passivkonstruktionen untersuchen, um deren Auffälligkeiten hinsichtlich des Subjektalignments aufzuführen. Danach werde ich das Objektalignment definieren, und einige Typen, die für das
Türkische in Frage kommen könnten, aufführen. Dazu gehören das indirektivische und das neutrale Alignment.

Im darauf folgenden Kapitel werde ich analysieren, welcher Objektalignmenttyp im Vergleich transitiver Konstruktionen mit ditransitiven Sätzen auftritt. Dies werde ich außerdem im
Vergleich von transitiven und ditransitiven Relativsätzen sowie in Passivkonstruktionen untersuchen.

Im Fazit werde ich zusammenfassend auf die Frage, wie sich des Alignmentsystem im Türkischen verhält, antworten.

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Read e-book online Sacred Power, Sacred Space: An Introduction to Christian PDF

By Jeanne Halgren Kilde

Jeanne Halgren Kilde's survey of church structure is in contrast to the other. Her major main issue isn't the structures themselves, yet really the dynamic personality of Christianity and the way churches form and impression the faith. Kilde argues fundamental functionality of churches is to symbolize and reify 3 forms of strength: divine strength, or rules approximately God; own empowerment as manifested within the individual's perceived courting to the divine; and social energy, which means the relationships among teams resembling clergy and laity. every one sort intersects with notions of Christian creed, cult, and code, and is represented spatially and materially in church buildings.

Kilde explores those different types chronologically, from the early church to the 20 th century. She considers the shape, association, and use of worship rooms; the positioning of church buildings; and the interplay among church buildings and the broader culture.

Church constructions were crucial to Christianity, and Kilde's very important examine sheds new mild at the manner they effect all facets of the faith. Neither mere witnesses to adjustments of non secular notion or nor easy backgrounds for spiritual perform, churches are, in Kilde's view, dynamic individuals in spiritual switch and goldmines of data on Christianity itself.

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The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, - download pdf or read online

By Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo

this is often the 1st accomplished remedy of Latin extra-paradigmatic verb varieties, that's, verb types which can't simply be assigned to any specific annoying within the Latin verbal method. so one can see what capabilities such types fulfil, one has to check their utilization to that of the typical verb types. partially 1, Wolfgang de Melo outlines using common verb kinds, which, unusually, has no longer regularly been defined appropriately within the general grammars. partially 2, the crucial a part of the e-book, he compares the use of the extra-paradigmatic verb kinds to that of the common ones, limiting himself to Archaic Latin (roughly ahead of a hundred BC); the following he makes many new and unforeseen discoveries. partially three, de Melo indicates how synchronic utilization can assist us to reconstruct prior levels of the language which aren't attested; he additionally issues out that, whereas many of the extra-paradigmatic types die out after a hundred BC, a few live on - and that such survival is under no circumstances a question of chance.

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Read e-book online Lenition and Fortition (Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]) PDF

By Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho,Tobias Scheer,Philippe Ségéral

There are books on tone, coronals, the interior constitution of segments, vowel concord, and 2 different issues in phonology. This publication goals to fill the distance for Lenition and Fortition, that's one of many first phenomena that was once addressed via phonologists within the nineteenth century, and ever considering the fact that contributed to phonological pondering. it's one of the middle phenomena that's present in the phonology of usual language: including assimilations, the opposite vital relations of phenomena, Lenition and Fortition represent the center of what phonology can do to sound.
The booklet goals to supply an total remedy of the query in its many facets: ancient, typological, synchronic, diachronic, empirical and theoretical. a variety of present ways to phonology are represented.
The e-book is dependent into 3 components: 1) homes and behavior of Lenition/Fortition, 2) lenition styles particularly languages and language households, three) how Lenition/Fortition paintings.
Part 1 describes the homes of lenition and fortition: what counts as such? what sort of behaviour is saw? Which elements undergo on it (positional, stress-related)? Which function has it performed in phonology considering (and even prior to) the nineteenth century? The everything-you-always-wanted-to-know-about-lenition-and-fortition philosophy that publications the belief of the publication supposes a descriptive, generalisation-oriented variety of writing that is determined by a type of phonological lingua franca, instead of on theory-laden vocabulary. additionally, no earlier wisdom except approximately common phonological different types may be required whilst interpreting via half 1. The target is to supply a huge photograph of what lenition is, the way it behaves, which components it really is conditioned through and what generalisations it obeys. This checklist may perhaps then be used as a yardstick for competing theories.
Part 2 offers a couple of case reviews that exhibit how Lenition/Fortition behave in a few languages that come with platforms that are notoriously emblematic for Lenition/Fortition: Celtic, Western Romance, Germanic and Finnish.
Finally, half three is worried with the research of the styles which were defined in elements 1 and a pair of. Given their analytic orientation, half three chapters are theory-specific. they appear on the related empirical list, or at a subset thereof, and check out to give an explanation for what they see. even if half three chapters are couched in a particular theoretical setting that the majority of the time supposes previous conceptual wisdom, authors were requested to guarantee theoretical interoperability up to they could.

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Download e-book for iPad: Deutsch als Fremdsprache als transkultureller by Marina Foschi Albert Konrad Ehlich,Konrad Ehlich,Marina

By Marina Foschi Albert Konrad Ehlich,Konrad Ehlich,Marina Foschi Albert

Zu den Zielen des DaF-Unterrichts gehört es, zu interkultureller Kompetenz beizutragen und dadurch die interkulturelle Kommunikation zu fördern. Eine klare Beantwortung der Frage, wie interkulturelle Kompetenz analysiert, gelehrt, gelernt und überprüft werden kann, steht allerdings trotz ihrer unverkennbaren Aktualität noch aus. Die hier versammelten Beiträge greifen diese Frage auf und nähern sich dem Gegenstand aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven. Im Fokus stehen u.a. die Konzeptentwicklung des Faches Deutsch als Fremdsprache und die damit verbundenen Herausforderungen, Lektüreweisen und Verstehenspraxen von Texten in fremder Sprache vor dem Hintergrund von Transkulturalität, grammatische Interkulturalität oder auch die Evaluierungspraxis des DaF-Unterrichts. Der Band möchte einen Beitrag zur aktuellen Fachdiskussion leisten und einen Anstoß für weitere Forschung in diesem Bereich geben.

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Download e-book for iPad: Nominal Modification in Italian Sign Language (Sign by Lara Mantovan

By Lara Mantovan

Since the new production of a large-scale corpus of Italian signal Language (LIS), a brand new examine department has been validated to check the sociolinguistic edition characterizing this language in a variety of linguistic domain names. in spite of the fact that, for nominal amendment, the position of language-internal version continues to be doubtful. This quantity represents the 1st try to examine signal order variability during this area, reading what shapes the syntactic constitution of LIS nominal expressions. specifically, 3 empirical reviews are awarded and mentioned: the 1st are corpus reviews investigating the distribution and length of nominal modifiers, whereas the 3rd offers with the syntactic habit of cardinal numerals, an unexplored zone.

In this company, 3 various theoretical dimensions of inquiry are innovatively mixed: linguistic typology, generative linguistics, and sociolinguistics. The examine setup contains either quantitative and qualitative information. This combined process begins from corpus information to offer the phenomenon, learn linguistic evidence on a wide scale, and draw questions from those, after which seems to be at elicited and judgment-based information to supply legitimate insights and refine the research. Crucially, the mix of other tools contributes to a greater realizing of the mechanisms using nominal amendment in LIS and its inner edition.

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New PDF release: Translation in Systems: Descriptive and System-oriented

By Theo Hermans

The idea of structures has helped revolutionize translation reports because the Nineteen Seventies. As a key a part of many descriptive ways, it has damaged with the prescriptive specialize in what translation can be, encouraging researchers to invite what translation does in particular cultural settings. From his privileged place as an immediate player in those advancements, Theo Hermans explains how modern descriptive ways happened, what the fundamental rules have been, and the way these principles have developed over the years. His dialogue addresses the basic difficulties of translation norms, equivalence, polysystems and social platforms, masking not just the paintings of Levý, Holmes, Even-Zohar, Toury, Lefevere, Lambert, Van Leuven-Zwart, Dhulst and others, but in addition giving distinctive awareness to fresh contributions derived from Pierre Bourdieu and Niklas Luhmann. An further specialize in functional questions of the way to enquire translation (problems of definition, description, evaluate of readerships, etc.) makes this booklet crucial studying for graduate scholars and certainly any researchers within the box. Hermans' account of descriptive translation reports is either proficient and significant. whilst, he demonstrates the energy of the fundamental suggestions, that have proven massive energy of their evolution and edition to the debates of the current day.

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Manfred Frank,Andrew Bowie,Helen Atkins's The Subject and the Text: Essays on Literary Theory and PDF

By Manfred Frank,Andrew Bowie,Helen Atkins

The paintings of the German thinker Manfred Frank has profoundly affected the path of the modern debate in lots of parts of philosophy and literary idea. This current assortment, first released in 1998, brings jointly a few of his most crucial essays, on matters as assorted as Schleiermacher's hermeneutics, the prestige of the literary textual content, and the reaction to the paintings of Derrida and Lacan. Frank indicates how the discussions of subjectivity in contemporary literary idea fail to take account of significant advancements in German Idealist and Romantic philosophy. The prominence accorded language in literary concept and analytic philosophy, he claims, ignores key arguments inherited from Romantic hermeneutics, these which show that interpretation is a person task by no means eventually ruled through ideas. Andrew Bowie's creation situates Frank's paintings within the context of up to date debates in philosophy and literary theory.

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Process: Volume 1 (Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]) - download pdf or read online

By Sam Featherston,Susanne Winkler

The contributions to The culmination of Empirical Linguistics. Volume 1: Process exhibit why the data-driven method makes for a examine atmosphere that's fast-moving and democratic: technological swap has made the resources of linguistic info easily available. those contributions convey the tools either specialist and pupil linguists are utilizing to assemble extra facts extra simply than before.

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